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Editorial: Another turn of the wheel

Editorial: Another turn of the wheel

The frequent change of governments has been an usual phenomenon in Nepal. The country has not been able to see political stability even after promulgating the new constitution and holding two periodic elections. Although Pushpa Kamal Dahal has been at the helm of government since the November 2022 elections, despite his party finishing a distant third in the parliamentary polls, he has reshuffled cabinet 18 times by changing his coalition partners. In this scenario, the recent agreement between the two largest parties in the House of Representatives, Nepali Congress (NC) and CPN-UML, to form a coalition government offers some hope for a more stable future. 

The 2015 constitution, which has been hailed by Nepali leaders as among the best in the world, has contributed to political instability. No single party has been able to secure a clear majority, leading to a series of fragile coalition governments. The agreement between the two major parties to form a consensus government by bringing other parties on board, however, signals a shift toward more stable governance. This agreement, which covers issues ranging from constitution amendments to the formation of a lasting government at both center and provinces, has raised optimism among Nepalis who have long yearned for political stability and economic progress.

The new government has some pressing issues to deal with. The two parties have pledged to form a committee to amend the constitution. The amendments should address all the issues that are hindering implementation of federalism. The coalition must work toward amending the constitution to address existing barriers and create a more effective governance structure. Completing the peace process through appropriate transitional laws is crucial for national reconciliation and stability. It has been one of the major contentious issues for the three major parties in parliament. Likewise, improving administrative efficiency and public services should be a top priority to restore public trust in the government. Once the political situation becomes stable, it is expected to spur economic activities and create jobs, which is essential to address the growing discontent among the people, particularly the youth.

The new coalition must rise above personal and party interests. This union of two largest parties in the country is not only crucial for domestic progress but also to present a strong front against increasing external influences that threaten Nepal's sovereignty. The success of this coalition could be the turning point that the country has long awaited, paving the way for sustainable development and renewed hope for the people.