The IPS conundrum

On June 1, the US Department of Defense made public its report on the IPS, which, among other claims, says America aims to enhance military partnership with Nepal. This shows the US considers Nepal a fairly important partner in its Indo-Pacific Strategy—despite...

Kamal Dev Bhattarai

The advent of Panchayat

Mahendra’s initial intention was to ban only the Congress, the party with a two-third parliamentary majority. The ban on all political parties was imposed only at the insistence of Bishwa Bandhu Thapa and Tulsi Giri

John Narayan Parajuli

Abusing the constitution

A month after dissolving the parliament, King Mahendra awarded medals to a number of army and police officers for their assistance in the royal coup. Altogether 85 high-level army officials were honoredMadan

Hari Bahadur Thapa

Tibet and big power politics

The US and some other western countries frequently raise the issue of human rights for Tibetan refugees in Nepal. But Nepal remains fully committed to the ‘One-China policy’ and to curbing any anti-China activity on Nepali soil

Kamal Dev Bhattarai

Maiden meeting at midnight

The first meeting of the first directly elected parliament since the overthrow of the totalitarian Rana regime should have taken place in an exuberant mood in the middle of the day. But Mahendra called it in the middle of the night

Hari Bahadur Thapa

Brothers in arms?

The US is already Nepal’s second biggest defense partner after India. The IPS Report, unveiled by the US Department of Defense on 1 June 2019, talks about further enhancing defense partnerships in the region

Kamal Dev Bhattarai

Mahendra’s machinations

Breaking his father’s promise for an election to a constituent assembly, Mahendra oriented the country toward parliamentary elections. Nepal’s first parliamentary election was held under the aegis of the constitution that Mahendra accepted

Hari Bahadur Thapa

Shifting sands of US aid to Nepal

Foreign aid contributed to the creation of ‘underdeveloped countries’. The term coined by the then US President Henry Truman in his Four Point Program meant half the world population became ‘poor’ overnight

Chandra Dev Bhatta

Six decades of American aid

The 1960s saw a huge surge in American aid to Nepal. Eisenhower’s unexpected $15 million pledge to King Mahendra in April 1960 altered the magnitude of US involvement in Nepal’s development. USAID pursued programs in agriculture, health, education,...

Kamal Dev Bhattarai

Undemocratic inclinations

King Mahendra’s early actions reflect his desire to be a heroic, authoritarian individual— to which end he came up with strategies to belittle political parties and their leaders

Hari Bahadur Thapa

Enter Mahendra

By dissolving Matrika Prasad Koirala’s cabinet, Mahendra had already shown an inclination for direct rule even while Tribhuvan, ‘the father of democracy’, was still around (Photo

Hari Bahadur Thapa

Matrika’s fall from grace

Following the fall of the Rana regime, Matrika had become the county’s first civilian prime minister with great dignity. Subsequently though, he failed to maintain the same level of dignity as a leader

Hari Bahadur Thapa

Revolutionary turned royalist

Unlike in his first term, Matrika did not enjoy strong political support, only the king’s good graces. He started accepting every instruction of King Tribhuvan and his Indian advisor Govind Narain

Hari Bahadur Thapa

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